Pre history
At Aybut Al Auwal In The Dhofar Region Of Oman A Site Was Discovered In 2011 Containing More Than 100 Surface Scatters Of Stone Tools Belonging To A Regionally Specific African Lithic Industry - The Late Nubian Complex - Known Previously Only From The Northeast And Horn Of Africa
Arrival Of Islam
Oman Is Were Among The First People To Come In Contact With And Accept Islam. The Conversion Of The Omanis Is Usually Ascribed To Amr Ibn Al-As, Who Was Sent By Muhammad Around 630 AD To Invite Jayfar And 'Abd, The Joint Rulers Of Oman At That Time, To Accept The Faith
Independence And Beyond
2011–2012 There Were Protests Inspired By The Arab Spring. The Parliament Was Dissolved In December 2011 Due To Protests Against The Parliament.


Oman Has A Hot Climate And Very Little Rainfall. Annual Rainfall In Muscat Averages 100 Mm (3.9 In), Falling Mostly In January. The Dhofar Mountains Area Receives Seasonal Rainfall (From Late June To Late September) As A Result Of The Monsoon Winds From The Indian Ocean Saturated With Cool Moisture And Heavy Fog


Foreign Relations
Since 1970, Oman Has Pursued A Moderate Foreign Policy And Expanded Its Diplomatic Relations Dramatically. Oman Is Among The Very Few Arab Countries That Have Maintained Friendly Ties With Iran.
Oman's Military Manpower Totalled 44,100 In 2006, Including 25,000 Men In The Army, 4,200 Sailors In The Navy, And An Air Force With 4,100 Personnel. The Royal Household Maintained 5,000 Guards, 1,000 In Special Forces, 150 Sailors In The Royal Yacht Fleet,


Omani Citizens Enjoy Good Living Standards, But The Future Is Uncertain With Oman's Limited Oil Reserves. Other Sources Of Income, Agriculture And Industry, Are Small In Comparison And Count For Less Than 1% Of The Country's Exports, But Diversification Is Seen As A Priority In The Government Of Oman.
Oil And Gas Industries
Oman's Proved Reserves Of Petroleum Total About 5.5 Billion Barrels, 25th Largest In The World. Oil Is Extracted And Processed By Petroleum Development Oman (PDO), With Proven Oil Reserves Holding Approximately Steady


About 75% Of Oman Is Muslim.The Oman Government Does Not Keep Statistics On Religious Affiliation, But Most Citizens Are Muslims. Around Half Of The Population Follows The Ibadi School Of Islam,
Arabic Is The Official Language Of Oman.Balochi Is Widely Spoken. Endangered Languages In Oman Include Bathari, Harsusi, Hobyot, Jibbali, Kumzari, Mehri. Omani Sign Language Is The Language Of The Deaf Community.


The Male National Dress Is The Dishdasha, A Simple, Ankle-Length, Collarless Gown With Long Sleeves. The Colour Most Frequently Worn Is White, Although A Variety Of Other Colours Can Also Be Seen. Its Main Adornment Is A Tassel(Furakha) Sewn Into The Neckline, Which Can Be Impregnated With Perfume
The Main Daily Meal Is Usually Eaten At Midday, While The Evening Meal Is Lighter. During Ramadan, Dinner Is Served After The Taraweeh Prayers, Sometimes As Late As 11 Pm. However These Dinner Timings Differ According To Each Family And When They Eat, For Instance Some Families Would Choose To Eat Right After Maghrib Prayers And Have Dessert After Taraweh


Economic Prosperity
The Adult Literacy Rate In 2010 Was 86.9% Before 1970, Only Three Formal Schools Existed In The Whole Country With Fewer Than 1000 Students Receiving Education In Them. Since Sultan Qaboos Came To Power In 1970, The Government Has Given High Priority To Education To Develop A Domestic Work Force.

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